The Basics of Automobiles


Generally, automobiles are motor vehicles that have four wheels and run on the road. They generally seat one to eight people and are used primarily to transport people.

Brakes operate on all four wheels

Whether you are driving a passenger vehicle or a truck, it’s important to understand the function of the brakes. The brakes in a vehicle use a combination of friction and hydraulic pressure to stop the car.

The frictional brake system uses shoes, discs, and a rotor to apply pressure to the brake pads. This pressure is transferred through the brake lines to the calipers, which in turn apply pressure to the rotors. The disc brake system uses a revolving disc attached to the front wheels. This revolving disc provides a good surface for the brake pads to apply pressure to.

Suspension system

Whenever a car is driving or braking, the suspension system helps maintain the vehicle’s position. It also controls the car’s weight and its direction. The suspension system is composed of shock absorbers, tires and linkages that keep the vehicle stable.

During cornering, the force of centrifugal force generates a rolling movement on a longitudinal axis. It pushes the front wheel up and downward, and the rear wheel is raised to level with the front wheel. It also creates a force on the shock absorber that is transmitted to the other wheel. The force on the shock absorber is amplified by the irregularities of the road surface.


Whether you are looking to buy a car, or just want to understand more about what goes into your vehicle, you should first know about the drivetrain. Drivetrain is a series of parts that work in conjunction with your vehicle’s engine to move the wheels.

The drivetrain system is vital to the overall functioning of your vehicle. It provides a smooth transition between your vehicle’s engine and wheels. The components of the drivetrain can vary depending on the make and model of your vehicle.

Fuel system

Getting fuel to the engine is one of the most important operations a car performs. Failure of the fuel system can result in a loss of power or even cause the vehicle to stop.

The fuel system is usually made of strong, durable materials, and is located underneath the car. It includes a fuel tank, pump, fuel lines, filters, and injectors.

The fuel system also includes emission controls. Emission controls are an extra layer of protection that ensures that the right amount of fuel is delivered to the engine.

Alternative propulsion systems

Several types of alternative propulsion systems can be used in different types of vehicles. These include hybrid cars, electric vehicles, and solar-powered aircraft. The systems are based on a motor fueled by renewable energy or a fossil fuel-powered engine.

Hybrid cars are the most commonly used type of alternative propulsion system. A hybrid car has a motor powered by gasoline or diesel and a motor powered by electricity. This system has higher power and torque than a car powered by a gasoline engine.