During the last century, newspapers, radio and television have played an important role in transmitting news. In the 20th century, news broadcasts were largely transmitted over wire services. In the 21st century, the Internet is playing a similar role. Broadcasting news is a good way to illuminate people, educate them, and inspire them. However, news is only effective if it is read. The news can influence people in negative ways, and it is up to the news media to provide accurate, fair, and timely information.
News values are the principles that journalists follow in selecting and evaluating news stories. News values are described by various theories. Some of these theories are cognitive and political models. However, they are unable to explain all news values. In addition, they do not account for the content of print media.
Several factors influence news values. Some of these are arbitrary, while others are influenced by journalists’ routines. Some of the factors include access, proximity, and objectivity. There are also external influences, such as the belief system of journalists and the role of public relations professionals. Other factors include the news organisation’s agenda. These factors can include political agendas, commercial agendas, and ideological agendas.
Traditionally, newspapers focused on topics related to local interests and national politics. Today, some newspapers focus on specific topics, such as sports, science, or entertainment. There are also national publications that report on important international events. Newspapers with a broad national scope advertise to a larger audience than local papers.
In order for news to be effective, it must be brief and concise. Some newspapers also have columns on educational opportunities, such as job opportunities. There are also entertainment stories, which may include show business, sex, and human interest. These stories can have humorous treatment or an element of surprise.
There are also stories with positive and negative overtones. These overtones can include the size of the person involved, or the magnitude of the event. These stories can also have an element of conflict. Some news stories may include violence or scandal.
According to the Mirror Model, news should reflect reality. It is based on the idea that news should be fair, objective, and picturesque. This model states that journalists should access both sides of a story to ensure that their reporting is fair. Moreover, news should be written clearly and concisely, with pictures that illustrate the story.
Many scholars have examined the news values of newspapers. Some of these scholars include Galtung and Ruge. Others include Brighton and Foy. In these studies, these scholars develop their own sets of factors to analyze news stories. They also analyze the influence of digital media, such as social networking sites, and the rolling news cycle.
Another scholarly analysis focuses on the organization of news. According to this model, news is generated first by the news organisation, then it is distributed to the audience, and finally it is evaluated by the news organization. The news organization then decides which stories should be published and which should be ignored.